5. Conclusion

In conclusion , drinking a lot of fluoridated water , eating a lot of processed red meat , eating a lot of unprocessed red mean would increase the rate of contracting bone cancer. To prevent or reduce the chance of contracting bone cancer , we should avoid all of that.

We also know that in order for the victims of bone cancer to improve their lifestyle to live positively , their will to live and their strength to live is very important. They must always be happy and have a positive mindset.

Dietary Recommendations: Reduce saturated fats; increase fish intake; consume a varied diet in order to ensure adequate intakes of vitamins and essential minerals; increase consumption of green and cruciferous vegetables as well as brightly coloured fruits and vegetables that contain carotenoids.

Physical Activity Recommendations: There is substantial evidence suggesting that the physical activity recommendations developed by the Department of Health are sufficient for most cancer survivors - a total of at least 30-minutes a day of moderate intensity physical activity on five or more days of the week. Additionally, there is evidence of a dose-response (i.e. the more physical activity, the greater any benefits). Even a modest amount of exercise is beneficial, and will see gains versus doing nothing at all. Body composition changes are common in many cancer patients with the reasons varying by site. Compromised lean body mass for patients with head and neck and gastrointestinal cancers are common, and in this group exercise to build lean muscle will be relevant. However in breast cancer some treatments can lead to significant weight gain (exacerbated if pre- diagnosis BMI is not in the healthy range), and exercise/activity which is more useful for controlling body weight and losing fat will be more important.

Weight: Excess weight should be avoided (i.e. a body mass index of 25- 29kg/mor above. There is also evidence that maintaining a stable healthy weight as opposed to fluctuating between a healthy and unhealthy BMI can offer health 5 benefits for cancer survivors. The evidence is strongly suggestive of weight being implicated in breast cancer outcomes, with the mechanism of benefit achieved via physical activity or a low-fat diet most likely being due to weight loss.

Smoking: Strong and consistent evidence has been presented for increased risk of disease progression and mortality in people who continue to smoke after a diagnosis of cancer, as well as poorer outcomes in pre-diagnosis smokers.

Alcohol: There is a paucity of research into the effects of alcohol pre- and postdiagnosis on cancer progression and recurrence, as well as symptom management. Evidence thus far is highly contradictory, although excess alcohol is linked to increased weight, which does have negative outcomes.

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